新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情相关词汇英文表述

一、疫病名称

  1. 冠状病毒 coronavirus
  2. 2019新型冠状病毒 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
  3. 新型冠状病毒肺炎(新冠肺炎)COVID-19
  4. 肺炎 pneumonia
  5. 病毒性肺炎 viral pneumonia
  6. 不明原因肺炎 pneumonia of unknown etiology/cause
  7. 严重急性呼吸道感染 severe acute respiratory infection(SARI)
  8. 急性呼吸窘迫综合征 acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
  9. 呼吸道疾病(呼吸系统疾病) respiratory diseases

二、传染防控

  1. 国际关注的突发公共卫生事件 Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
  2. 乙类传染病 Category B infectious diseases
  3. 人传人 person-to-person/human-to-human transmission
  4. 潜伏期 incubation/latent period
  5. 无症状的潜伏期 silent/asymptomatic incubation period
  6. 病毒携带者 virus carrier
  7. 无症状携带者 asymptomatic carrier
  8. 超级传播者 super spreader
  9. 飞沫传播 droplet transmission
  10. 接触传播 contact transmission
  11. 病毒的蔓延 spread of a virus
  12. 隐性感染 covert/silent/inapparent/subclinical infection
  13. 外源性感染 exogenous infection
  14. 密切接触者 close contact
  15. 接触者追踪 contact tracing
  16. 传染途径 route of transmission
  17. 传播方式 mode of transmission
  18. 宿主 host
  19. 易感人群 susceptible/vulnerable population
  20. 医院/院内感染 nosocomial infection; hospital-acquired infection
  21. 职业暴露 occupational exposure
  22. 确诊病例 confirmed case
  23. 疑似病例 suspected case
  24. 散在病例 sporadic case
  25. 输入性病例 imported case
  26. 二代病例 second-generation case
  27. 传染性 transmissibility; infectivity
  28. 致病性 pathogenicity
  29. 疫情 epidemic; outbreak
  30. 疫区 affected area
  31. 发病 morbidity
  32. 发热病人 patients with fever; febrile patients; fever patients
  33. 重症 severe case
  34. 发病率 incidence rate
  35. 死亡率 mortality rate
  36. 病死率(致死率) fatality/mortality/death rate
  37. 治愈率 recovery rate
  38. 疫情防控 epidemic prevention and control
  39. 监测体温 to monitor body temperature
  40. 体温检测 to check body temperature
  41. 早发现、旱隔离 early detection and early isolation
  42. 隔离治疗 to receive treatment in isolation
  43. 自我隔窝 to quarantine yourself in your home; self-monitored quarantine
  44. 临床数据 clinical data
  45. 核酸检测 nucleic acid testing(NAT)
  46. 核酸检测试剂盒 nucleic acid testing kit
  47. 血清诊断 serodiagnosis
  48. 自觉接受医学观察 to present yourself to medical observation
  49. 解除医学观察 to be discharged from medical observation
  50. 诊断、治疗、追踪和筛查 diagnosis, treatment, tracing and screening
  51. 预防措施 preventive measure
  52. 疫苗 vaccine
  53. 戴口罩 to wear a mask
  54. 勤洗手/仔细洗手 to wash your hands often/carefully
  55. 消毒 disinfection
  56. 避免去人多的地方 avoid crowds
  57. 健康筛查 health screening
  58. 旅行限制 travel restrictions
  59. 健康申报表 health declaration form
  60. 海鲜市场 seafood market
  61. 活体农贸市场 live animal market
  62. 湿货市场 wet market
  63. 野味 bushmeat;game
  64. 果子狸 masked palm civet
  65. 蝙蝠 bat
  66. 竹鼠 bamboo rat
  67. 獾 badger

三、政策举措

  1. 突发公共卫生事件 public health emergency
  2. 启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应 to activate first-level public health emergency response
  3. 掌握情况,不漏一人 to have full knowledge of the situation (of the community) and leave no one unchecked
  4. 遏制疫情蔓延 to contain the outbreak
  5. 封城 A city is on lockdown./A city goes into lockdown.
  6. 延迟开学 to postpone the reopening of schools
  7. 延长春节假期 to extend the Chinese New Year holiday
  8. (公共场所)消毒、通风以及体温检测 disinfection,ventilation and body temperature monitoring(in public areas)
  9. 应急医院 makeshift hospital
  10. 火神山医院 Huoshenshan Hospital(in Wuhan)
  11. 雷神山医院 Leishenshan Hospital (in Wuhan)
  12. 暂停海外团队旅行 to suspend overseas group tours
  13. 关闭景点 to close scenic spots
  14. 取消大型集会 to cancel mass gatherings
  15. 减少外出 to make fewer trips outside
  16. 控制人口流动 to curb population flow
  17. 两周观察期 two-week observation period
  18. 停运长途汽车 to halt long-distance buses
  19. 调减市内公交 to reduce the frequency of bus services in the city
  20. 特殊报销政策 special reimbursement rules
  21. 紧平衡 in tight balance
  22. 医疗物资紧缺 shortage of medical supplies
  23. 日常基本生活物资 daily necessities
  24. 跨境采购 cross-border procurement
  25. 囤积食物 to stock up on food
  26. 捂货惜售 hoarding
  27. 瞒报 to underreport
  28. 哄抬价格 price gouging
  29. 顶格处罚 the maximum penalty

四、机构、职业群体和场所名称

  1. 世卫组织 World Health Organization(WHO)
  2. 中央应对新型冠状病毒感染肺炎疫情工作领导小组(中央应对疫情工作领导小组)Leading Group of the CPC Central Committee for Novel Coronavirus Prevention and Control
  3. 国家卫生健康委员会(国家卫健委) National Health Commission (NHS) Prevention(China CDC)
  4. 中国疾病预防控制中心(中国疾控中心) Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention
  5. 国家医疗保障局(国家医保局) National Healthcare Security Administration (NHSA)
  6. 医疗机构 medical institution
  7. 卫生机构 health institution
  8. 医疗从业者 medical practitioner; healthcare professional
  9. 医疗人员 medical personnel; health workforce; health workers
  10. 一线医护人员 frontline health workers
  11. 定点医院 designated hospitals
  12. 发热门诊 fever clinic
  13. 重症监护病房 intensive care unit (ICU)
  14. 检疫所 quarantine office
  15. 药店 pharmacy; drugstore

五、病理症状

  1. 病理 pathology
  2. 病原体 pathogen
  3. 病毒变异 virus variation
  4. 病毒突变 virus mutation
  5. 临床表现clinical picture
  6. 上呼吸道感染 upper respiratory tract infection (URTI)
  7. 低氧血症 hypoxemia; low blood oxygen
  8. 纤维化 fibrosis
  9. 肺脓肿 lung abscess
  10. 双肺浸润性病灶 infiltration in both lungs
  11. 发热 fever
  12. 乏力 fatigue
  13. 干咳 dry cough
  14. 头疼 headache
  15. 胸闷 chest distress; chest oppression
  16. 心慌 palpitations
  17. 恶心想吐 nausea
  18. 腹泻 diarrhea
  19. 呼吸困难 dyspnea; respiratory distress; breathing diffculties
  20. 呼吸急促(气促) shortness of breath; panting
  21. 感染性休克 septic shock

六、器具名称

  1. 红外体温测量仪 infrared thermometer
  2. 探头式测温仪 probe thermometer
  3. 体温检测热像仪 thermal imaging camera for temperature monitoring
  4. 诊断器具 diagnostic tool/kit
  5. 消毒液 disinfectant; antiseptic solution
  6. 消毒湿巾 disinfectant/antiseptic wipes
  7. 含酒精洗手液 alcohol-based hand rub/sanitizer
  8. 口罩 facemask; mask
  9. N95口罩 N95 mask/respirator
  10. 医用外科口罩 surgical mask
  11. 防护服 protective suit
  12. 护目镜 goggles
  13. 一次性手套 disposable gloves
  14. 负压救护车 negative pressure ambulance

七、其他医学名词

  1. 国际卫生条例 International Health Regulations(IHR)
  2. 流行病学 epidemiology
  3. 流行病学调查(流调) epidemiological investigation
  4. 呼吸器官 respiratory organs
  5. 呼吸道 respiratory tract
  6. 消化系统 digestive system
  7. 神经系统 nervous system
  8. 肾功能 renal function
  9. 流感 influenza; flu
  10. 结膜炎 conjunctivitis; pink eye
  11. 宿疾、慢性病 chronic ailment; chronic disease
  12. 高血压 hypertension; high blood pressure
  13. 糖尿病 diabetes; diabetes mellitus
  14. 心血管病 cardiovascular disease
  15. 基因序列 genetic sequence
  16. 基因结构 genetic structure
  17. 试剂 reagent
  18. 诊断 diagnosis
  19. 检测样本 test sample
  20. 医学观察 medical watch; medical observation
  21. 病毒分离 virus isolation
  22. 抗病毒药 antiviral drug
  23. 退烧药 febrifuge; antipyretic

*以上整理自「中国翻译」。

世界500强企业翻译服务提供商。同声传译,人工翻译。

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